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Pre Diabetes / Diabetes Knowledge Base

What is Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes?

Diabetes mellitus refers to a group of diseases that affect how your body uses blood sugar (glucose). Glucose is vital to your health because it’s an important source of energy for the cells that make up your muscles and tissues. It’s also your brain’s main source of fuel.

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What are the Symptoms of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes?

Diabetes symptoms vary depending on how much your blood sugar is elevated. Some people, especially those with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes, may not experience symptoms initially. In type 1 diabetes, symptoms tend to come on quickly and be more severe.

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When to see a doctor if you suspect you have Diabetes?

If you suspect you or your child may have diabetes. If you notice any possible diabetes symptoms, contact your doctor. The earlier the condition is diagnosed, the sooner treatment can begin.

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What are the causes of Diabetes?

To understand diabetes, first you must understand how glucose is normally processed in the body.

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What are the Risk Factors for Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes?

Researchers don’t fully understand why some people develop prediabetes and type 2 diabetes and others don’t. It’s clear that certain factors increase the risk.

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What are the risk factors for gestational diabetes?

Any pregnant woman can develop gestational diabetes, but some women are at greater risk than are others. Risk factors for gestational diabetes include:

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What are the complications of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes?

Long-term complications of diabetes develop gradually. The longer you have diabetes — and the less controlled your blood sugar — the higher the risk of complications. Eventually, diabetes complications may be disabling or even life-threatening.

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What are the Complications of Gestational Diabetes?

Most women who have gestational diabetes deliver healthy babies. However, untreated or uncontrolled blood sugar levels can cause problems for you and your baby.

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How Should You Prepare for your Appointment to Assess Diabetes?

You’re likely to start by seeing a doctor if you’re having diabetes symptoms.

If blood sugar levels aren’t high enough to put you or your child immediately at risk, you may be referred to a doctor who specializes in diabetes, among other disorders called an endocrinologist.

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Who should get tested for Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes?

Symptoms of Type 1 diabetes often appear suddenly and are often the reason for checking blood sugar levels. Because symptoms of other types of diabetes and pre diabetes come on more gradually or may not be evident, the American Diabetes Association (ADA) has recommended screening guidelines.

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What are the Tests for Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes and Pre Diabetes?

Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test – This blood test indicates your average blood sugar level for the past two to three months. It measures the percentage of blood sugar attached to hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying protein in red blood cells. The higher your blood sugar levels, the more hemoglobin you’ll have with sugar attached.

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What are the Treatments and drugs for Type 1 and Type Diabetes?

Depending on what type of diabetes you have, blood sugar monitoring, insulin and oral medications may play a role in your treatment. Eating a healthy diet, maintaining a healthy weight and participating in regular activity also are important factors in managing diabetes.

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What are Treatments for gestational Diabetes?

Controlling your blood sugar level is essential to keeping your baby healthy and avoiding complications during delivery. In addition to maintaining a healthy diet and exercising, your treatment plan may include monitoring your blood sugar and, in some cases, using insulin or oral medications.

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What are the Treatments for prediabetes?

If you have prediabetes, healthy lifestyle choices can help you bring your blood sugar level back to normal or at least keep it from rising toward the levels seen in Type 2 diabetes.

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What are the signs of trouble in any type of diabetes?

Because so many factors can affect your blood sugar, problems may sometimes arise that require immediate care, such as:

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